Reusable code snippets and components in Eleventy

There are (at least) three cunning ways in Eleventy to get “reusable snippet” or “reusable component” functionality.

  1. Nunjucks’s include: Great for just including a common, static element in your template, say a header or footer partial. (Note that while you can set a variable just before your include line to make that variable available to the included partial, it’s not really “passing in” and scoping the variable like a parameter, so it’s best to reserve include for simple stuff.)
  2. Nunjucks’s macro: Takes things up a notch by supporting passing in parameters which are then locally scoped. You could use this to create a simple component. See Trys Mudford’s article Encapsulated 11ty Components.
  3. 11ty Shortcodes and Named Shortcodes: Shortcodes feel to me pretty much like a wrapper for macro, whilst also supporting the inclusion of npm packages and the use of async functions. However with Named Shortcodes, unlike macro you can also pass in a block of content (rather than arguments alone). This would be handy for any component or layout into which you nest lots of varied content (such as a Stack, for example). See 11ty docs on paired shortcodes for more details.

Hat tip to Jérome Coupé who recently tweeted on this topic and prompted me to gather my thoughts too.

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